Some argue that 5G standalone networks are designed primarily for machines rather than humans, and there's some validity in this claim. For our everyday needs, LTE networks are more than sufficient. However, 5G introduces entirely new realms beyond human experience, with terabytes of data (big data) and near-instantaneous low latencies (milliseconds).
In the era of 5G, edge computing and the cloud, telecommunication networks face increasing demands for high-speed data transfer, seamless connectivity, and cost-effective solutions. The integration of IP and optical networks, along with the concept of disaggregated networks, has emerged as a transformative approach in designing and managing telecommunication transport networks aiming to fulfill these high demands.